January 22, 2003

Defeating the U.S. War Plans Series #16: Tug-of-War Between The Warmongers And The Peacemakers

Hello everyone

Have a nice week - no matter what!


Jean Hudon
Earth Rainbow Network Coordinator

This compilation is archived at

"War will exist until that day when the Conscientious Objector enjoys the same reputation and prestige that the warrior does today."

- John F. Kennedy


1. Rumsfeld: If Saddam leaves we still will go to war...
2. U.S. Bombing Watch: When was the last time the U.S. Bombed Iraq?
3. U.S. Fights Late March Report on Iraq Arms Impact on Plans Feared; Dispute at U.N. Likely
4. IT'S WAR!
5. Republican Anti-War Ad
6. Impeachment Resolution Against President George W. Bush

See also:

Global protests fill streets. Half-million Americans rallied outside their nation's Capitol Saturday!

A Day of Worldwide Protest; "No Blood For Oil"

The Games of War

This website provides information and inspiration for those U.S. Federal taxpayers and others who can understand and agree that paying about one half of each of their Federal income tax dollars to support war and preparations for war is not a way to make Peace on Earth.
Our Vision Is Peace On Earth - Our Mission Is To Pay Our Federal Taxes To Support Our Vision.
This excellent initiative from "Ed Pearson" <> - a long-time ERN subscriber - deserves your attention. Here is also a Peace Taxpayer Credo: I believe that to have war, we must pay for war; and tohave peace, we must pay for peace. I believe that common sense, the law and morality supports my choice to pay my taxes toward peace. I believe that by making a commitment to begin the process of paying my taxes toward peace, I am making a valuable and necessary contribution toward helping to bring about Peace on Earth. (Taken from -- THINK COSMICALLY act personally

France, Germany Break Ranks Stand in Opposition to War (Jan 17)
French President Jacques Chirac said Friday United Nations weapons inspectors should be given the necessary time to complete their work in Iraq, adding that France believed war was the worst of all solutions. CLIP BERLIN (AP) -- Germany is unlikely to back any U.N. resolution to authorize war against Iraq, Defense Minister Peter Struck said in remarks published Friday that spelled out the Berlin government's stance with unusual bluntness. Germany joined the U.N. Security Council on Jan. 1 and is set to play a pivotal role in Iraq diplomacy when it chairs the council next month. Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder has hinted that Germany will refuse to support a war resolution in the council, but Struck was more direct.

White House Go-Ahead On NASA Nuclear Prometheus Project (Jan 18)
NASA's 2004 budget request, officially embargoed until U.S. President George W. Bush presents his spending plan to Congress in February, contains significantly increased funding for a revamped nuclear propulsion research effort the U.S. space agency is now calling Project Prometheus. (...) n learning about the prospects for NASA's Project Prometheus, Bruce Gagnon, coordinator of the anti-nuclear group, said they oppose this development as a "dangerous step in the expansion of nuclear technology into space." "First we are concerned about the likely toxic contamination at the Department of Energy labs as they increase plutonium processing for the Nuclear Systems Initiative," Gagnon told . "Secondly the dramatic escalation of nuclear launches in the coming years only increases the chances of an accident from Florida or other launch sites" CLIP

Nuclear 'threat' found as UN asks for time (Jan 19),12239,877819,00.html
Evidence of a deep split over the timetable for war against Saddam Hussein emerged yesterday. 'I will not be pushed into war by US' - Blix

Car wars (Jan 18),3604,877203,00.html
The US economy needs oil like a junkie needs heroin - and Iraq will supply its next fix. War in Iraq is inevitable. That there would be war was decided by North American planners in the mid-1920s. That it would be in Iraq was decided much more recently. The architects of this war were not military planners but town planners. War is inevitable not because of weapons of mass destruction, as claimed by the political right, nor because of western imperialism, as claimed by the left. The cause of this war, and probably the one that will follow, is car dependence. (...) Motor vehicles are responsible for about one-third of global oil use, but for nearly two-thirds of US oil use. (...) Due to artificially low oil and gasoline prices that did not reflect the true social costs of production and use, there was little incentive to seek alternative energy sources.

Signs from the MacDill AFB peace rally, Tampa FL, Jan 18

ABC Poll: Is there a case for war against Iraq?
This week's question is: Do you believe there is a case for war against Iraq?
Results of the voting so far: Yes 12% -- No 88% -- 17017 votes counted.
As of Jan 19 when sent to me by "Mark Graffis" <>


Date: 18 Jan 2003
From: Goldi <>
Subject: Rumsfeld: If Saddam leaves we still will go to war...

I would have to say that this perfectly illustrates how criminally insane the current U.S. Administration is...


This story is from Radio Free Europe. It just goes to show you that it ain't our pal Saddam that is the reason we want to rush to war. Ummm, I just wonder what it could be?

Iraq: Rumsfeld Says Regime Change Alone Not Enough

The administration of U.S. President George W. Bush says the issue of a possible war with Iraq is larger than Saddam Hussein. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld says the issue boils down to behavior, not who governs Iraq.

Washington, 16 January 2003 (RFE/RL) -- U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld says Saddam Hussein's departure as president of Iraq would not necessarily avert an attack by U.S.-led forces. Rumsfeld told reporters yesterday at the Pentagon that what is important is not who leads Iraq but how the country is led. He said any successor would have to meet the same UN demands that Hussein is being required to follow. "If somebody takes over that country, whether because Saddam Hussein leaves or because he's displaced by somebody in that country -- or 'somebodies,' plural -- the same principles that we've indicated would pertain," Rumsfeld said.


Rumsfeld, meanwhile, was asked whether he expects that the U.S. intelligence being provided to the UN inspectors will help them find evidence of banned weapons programs more quickly. The secretary said he is not sure. "If, as you give somebody information, it then finds its way to the Iraqis before the inspectors arrive [at the target destination], you might very well not find something," Rumsfeld said.

Rumsfeld and other senior members of the Bush administration have said repeatedly that they have compelling evidence of Hussein's weapons programs. (Maybe in the 8000 missing pages? Where it explains which of our companies sold Iraq the "materials and bio technology" for such things?) One reporter asked him why, then, Bush does not release some of that information to show the world that his threat to make war on Iraq is justified.

The defense secretary replied that such information is not only classified, it could compromise the safety of U.S. (they mean the big companies that are listed in the documents, oops, I guess they are considered the US), and allied soldiers who are now mobilizing in the Persian Gulf region.


Also, Rumsfeld and Myers thanked the government of Hungary for its help in preparations for a possible war against Iraq. Rumsfeld said the first group of U.S. experts who are to train Iraqi exiles as interpreters has arrived in Hungary. The group will be stationed at the military base in Taszar in southern Hungary in preparation for training that is due to begin later this month or the beginning of February.

At yesterday's briefing, Myers expressed the appreciation of the U.S. government. "I'd like to take this opportunity to publicly thank our friends in Hungary for the use of their facilities. The use of Taszar air base emphasizes a rather long-standing relationship between the U.S. and Hungary, and we thank them very much," Myers said. As many as 3,000 Iraqi exiles are expected to be trained as interpreters, personnel supporters, and assistants to humanitarian aid operations to bolster possible war efforts in Iraq. Myers said Iraqi opposition figures are also beginning to report to the U.S. military to assist in a possible war with Iraq. He said the recruits are being financed by a $97 million congressional authorization



U.S. Bombing Watch: When was the last time the U.S. Bombed Iraq?

This link will take you to a rather comprehensive collection of reports on all the U.S. bombing campaigns over the Iraq "no-fly" zone which we set up independently of the UN after the first Gulf War. Currently, the list only covers campaigns from 2000 to the present, though they are working to compile the info for the years 91 to 99. Rather eye-opening news for most Americans, who were unaware this bombing campaign even existed, since it has rarely been mentioned in the mainstream news sources, at least until recently, and even then very sparingly. There are also links available to articles that explain the whole contrversial "no-fly zone" situation.



U.S. Fights Late March Report on Iraq Arms Impact on Plans Feared; Dispute at U.N. Likely

January 16, 2003

UNITED NATIONS, Jan. 15 -- The Bush administration is seeking to derail plans by the chief U.N. weapons inspector to issue another report on Iraqi disarmament to the Security Council in late March, fearing it could delay the U.S. timeline for forcing an early confrontation over Iraq's banned weapons programs.

In a move that diplomats predicted would touch off a potentially divisive battle in the Security Council, the administration plans to press the 15-nation body Thursday to suspend plans for the March 27 report by Swedish diplomat Hans Blix in which he was expected to present a list of disarmament obligations that Iraq must meet before U.N. sanctions can be suspended.

Blix told the council Tuesday that the March meeting is required under a 1999 resolution that created his inspection agency. But his plans have complicated the administration's diplomatic strategy in which it is pointing to the end of this month as the start of an endgame in the six-week-old U.N. weapons inspections program in Iraq.

The administration would like a decision on whether to go to war shortly after a scheduled Jan. 27 presentation by Blix to the council, and U.S. officials said they would ask the body to effectively disregard the 1999 resolution mandating a later report until Iraq fully cooperates with the inspectors. Bush is expected to make a strong case for action against Iraq in his State of the Union address Jan. 28. And he has scheduled a Jan. 31 meeting at Camp David with British Prime Minister Tony Blair, his closest ally on Iraq.

But by announcing he was operating under the assumption that he would produce an additional report two months later, Blix underscored that he is progressing along a much more deliberate timetable. His plan risks undermining the administration's strategy to ratchet up the pressure for a decision on whether to go to war later this month and it raises the prospect that Security Council members, including some U.S. allies, would use it as an excuse to put off a decision until March, at the earliest.




by William Thomas <>


Jan. 16, 2003

A veteran combat officer who served more than a decade with American and Canadian military intelligence in the world's "nightmarish" hot spots, has told that the word being passed in the intelligence community is that the "kick-off" date for war against Iraq is set for January 26, 2003.

Regardless of the outcome of weapons inspections, UN condemnation, worldwide outrage, or last-minute diplomacy, Jan. 26 is the day long range weather forecasts predict the "weather window" will open for a round-the-clock bombing sequel against a shattered country the size of California. The bombers' "window of death" will remain open until the end of February.

US military officials say that the optimum time for sending ground forces into Iraq is immediately after the bombing campaign, between mid-February and early April, before blazing hot weather makes it difficult for troops to function wearing rubberized chemical warfare suits. Officers add that it will be tricky starting an offensive before mid-February, the earliest date currently arriving troops can will be accustomed to desert conditions. [New York Times Jan. 12/03]

Secretary of State George Shultz earlier confirmed this timetable, telling the Financial Times last November 21 that "there will be military action. I would be surprised if we have not acted by the end of January."

The day before, top Bush security advisor Richard Perle told British Labour Party MPs that President Bush intends to go to war "even if inspectors find nothing." Perle stunned the Parliamentarians by insisting that even a "clean bill of health" from UN chief weapons inspector Hans Blix would not stop America's war machine. [Daily Mirror Nov. 21, 22/02]



In Germany, home to the Gulf-bound US First Infantry and First Armored divisions, 3,000 US Army officers and civilian planners are currently concluding a computer simulation called "Victory Scrimmage". Experts keeping score admit that even a quick "touchdown" could see thousands more civilian casualties in Iraq. [New York Times Jan. 12/03]

Meanwhile, press reports of a lengthy buildup continue to mislead. As retired Gen. Barry McCaffrey observed, "Most of the ground forces will sprint into place at the last minute." [The Christian Science Monitor Nov. 12/02]

According to Agence France-Presse, US war plans call for a "brief but shattering air campaign", combined with a lightning push into Baghdad by US ground forces moving from north, south and west. The ground attack will seek to achieve tactical surprise by moving fast with maximum violence, without waiting for overwhelming reinforcements. [Washington Post Dec. 18/02]

But unless urban areas are as heavily bombed as they were in '91 campaign, things could go badly wrong. My military intelligence source, who helped designate targets in Bosnia, has been watching TV coverage of the weapons inspections with a practiced eye. He notes Iraqi troops and armor in the background of televised news clips, taking up positions in Baghdad neighborhoods. The footage has prompted charges of "spying" by Iraqi President Saddam Hussein.

Captain Glenn Kozelka of the US Army's 10th Mountain Division warns that heavy fighting in the streets of Iraq's cities could lead to US casualties of up to 30 percent. "We call it three-dimensional warfare," Kozelka told the Washington Post. "You can be shot from all around."

Pentagon pundits favour cordoning off Baghdad, with "escape routes" for civilians and surrendering military personnel. They reason that smashing critical infrastructure will quickly collapse the city, and the government of a man widely seen as posing no threat beyond his own borders. [The Observer Nov. 3/02]

But my source says that Saddam has "learned the lessons of massing troops and tanks in the desert and exposing them to overwhelming bombardment." Instead, the retired analyst and his active duty colleagues are convinced that the fighting will be "house-to-house" -- with an armed and angry populace fighting alongside regular army units in defense of their families and country.

Won't the Iraqi people hail their "liberators" with open arms?

"If you've been deprived of food and medicine for 10 years, if you saw your family killed [in bombings that leveled entire neighborhoods], you would not feel friendly toward Americans," the combat-hardened intelligence expert said.

The last time the US went to war against a supposedly ragtag army defending their homeland was in a place called Vietnam.

Will US forces have the stomach for house-to-house casualties? Yes, came the answer. The problem, added this source, is that in eyes of many allied front-line combat units, American troops instructed with comic book manuals are seen as "not too bright."

Even worse, he said, the "management" mentality of U.S. officers more concerned with protecting their careers than pursuing their objectives means there are few combat leaders worthy of respect and a gun-ho effort by the troops they send in harm's way.

Pointing to the debacles of "Operation Anaconda" and the Tora Bora campaign in Afghanistan, which reportedly saw top terrorist suspects Osama bin Laden and Omar Mullah escape a hesitant U.S. dragnet, he declared that "Tommy Franks will be reluctant to commit troops aggressively, because he does not trust the competency of his infantry troops."

Barry Posen agrees. A specialist in military analysis at MIT, Posen's premise is that the mop-up campaign in Afghanistan was severely hampered by American commanders' unwillingness to commit ground forces. "We didn't want to take risks," Posen told The Observer last Nov. 3. "Tora Bora was a disaster."

"Operation Anaconda" - the American effort to encircle Al Qaeda and Taliban forces in eastern Afghanistan's Shah-e-Kost Valley last March -- was another fiasco. Major General Franklin Hagenbeck, "didn't know what he was doing. He didn't send enough forces. He didn't take enough artillery. And there was too much reliance on the Afghans," Posen posited. After meeting determined opposition and taking casualties, Hagenbeck had to be bailed out by 1,700 British marines. He was relieved of his command in the field.


US forces might be better advised to raid US corporate headquarters. Three Congressional investigations earlier documented extensive chemical and biological weapons and production facilities shipped to Baghdad with White House approval prior to -- and after -- the last Gulf "war". [Bringing The War Home]

Despite White House removal of more than 8,000 embarrassing pages from Iraq's 11,800-page weapons dossier, Geneva-based reporter Andreas Zumach has published pages documenting how 24 US corporations and several US government agencies "illegally helped Iraq to build its biological, chemical and nuclear weapons programs."

Hewlett Packard, Dupont, Honeywell, Bechtel, Rockwell, Tectronics, Unisys and Sperry were among more than two-dozen US sponsors "who gave very substantial support especially to the biological weapons program but also to the missile and nuclear weapons program," Zumach said. Records also show that US government nuclear weapons laboratories Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos and Sandia trained Iraqi nuclear scientists, and provided non-fissile material for construction of a nuclear bomb. [Financial Times Dec. 19/02]


Just who is this fearsome "enemy" who must be crushed by a country that spends more money on weapons than the next 14 countries combined? As veteran British war correspondent John Pilger points out, "More than half the population of Iraq are children, and many of the rest are widows, the elderly and the poor."

Leading British humanitarian agencies, including Save the Children and Christian Aid, recently warned that "Years of war and sanctions have already created an extremely vulnerable population whose ability to cope with any additional hardship is very limited. Child mortality has risen by 160 percent under sanctions."

Driven by the United States and Britain over the past 12 years, line-item blocking of Baghdad's attempts to procure urgently needed hospital equipment and medicines, as well as spare parts needed to repair bombed out water purification and sanitation plants, has led to countrywide epidemics and malnutrition that have so far claimed the lives of more than a half-million children under the age of five. At least 70 members of Congress have condemned the sanctions as "infanticide".

Is Washington concerned about killing yet more children? When asked about the number of Iraqi people slaughtered in the 1991 "Desert Storm" Gen. Colin Powell replied, "It's really not a number I'm terribly interested in." (Estimates at the time totaled a quarter-million Iraqi war dead.)

CLIP - read it all at


Date: 17 Jan 2003
From: Goldi <>
Subject: Republican Anti-War Ad

This is encouraging news! Public dissent rising from all directions...


A full-page ad in the Wall Street Journal, Monday, January 13, 2003, page A5 reads as follows:

A Republican Dissent on Iraq

To President Bush, his advisors and the American People:

Let's be clear: We supported the Gulf War.
We supported our intervention in Afghanistan.
We accept the logic of a just war.

But Mr. President, your war on Iraq does not pass the test. It is not a just war.

The candidate we supported in 2000 promised a more humble nation in our dealings with the world. We gave him our votes and our campaign contributions

That candidate was you. We feel betrayed. We want our money back. We want our country back.

War is the most extreme action a society can take. I can only be unleashed after exploring every other road. You have not explore all the roads.

How many young American lives will be lost in this dubious war? How many more innocent Iraqis will be killed and maimed and made homeless? Haven't they suffered enough, after two decades of terrible wars and sanctions? Among the one billion Muslims in the world there is now a steady trickle of recruits going to Al Qaeda. You will turn the trickle into a torrent. A billion bitter enemies will rise out of this war. And out of war may rise an Iraq regime every bit as brutish as the present one. What will you do then? Our jaws drop when we read that you may decide we have to occupy Iraq for years, that the next ruler of Iraq may American general! Is there anyone in this country who thinks this will work? Your odds of success are infinitesimal! The world wants Saddam Hussein disarmed. But you must find a better way to do it. Why would you lead us into a situation where we are bound to fail? You cannot keep proclaiming peace while preparing for war. You are waltzing blindfolded into what may well be a catastrophe. Pride goeth before a fall. Show the humility and compassion that led us to elect you.

War with Iraq is not inevitable. Now is the time to stop it. Speak out at your place of worship, at your business, among your friends and relatives. Make your convictions know to your Mayor and Governor and -above all-to your elected leaders in Washington.




People of Middle Eastern/Asian Descent and Muslims Are Not Our Enemy, They Are Our Brothers and Sisters!!!

::::::Injustice Anywhere Is a Threat To Justice Everywhere::::::

"A clique of U.S. industrialists is hell-bent to bring a fascist state to supplant our democratic government and is working closely with the fascist regime in Germany and Italy. I have had plenty of opportunity in my post in Berlin to witness how close some of our American ruling families are to the Nazi regime. They extended aid to help Fascism occupy the seat of power, and they are helping to keep it there."

- William E. Dodd, US German Ambassador 1937



Impeachment Resolution Against President George W. Bush


Francis A. Boyle
Professor of Law

January 17, 2003

108nd Congress H.Res.XX

1st Session

Impeaching George Walker Bush, President of the United States, of high crimes and misdemeanors.



January __, 2003

Mr./Ms. Y submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Judiciary.



Impeaching George Walker Bush, President of the United States, of high crimes and misdemeanors.

Resolved, That George Walker Bush, President of the United States is impeached for high crimes and misdemeanors, and that the following articles of impeachment be exhibited to the Senate:

Articles of impeachment exhibited by the House of Representatives of the United States of America in the name of itself and of all of the people of the United States of America, against George Walker Bush, President of the United States of America, in maintenance and support of its impeachment against him for high crimes and misdemeanors.


In the conduct of the office of President of the United States, George Walker Bush, in violation of his constitutional oath faithfully to execute the office of President of the United States and, to the best of his ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States, and in violation of his constitutional duty to take care that the laws be faithfully executed, has attempted to impose a police state and a military dictatorship upon the people and Republic of the United States of America by means of "a long Train of Abuses and Usurpations" against the Constitution since September 11, 2001. This subversive conduct includes but is not limited to trying to suspend the constitutional Writ of Habeas Corpus; ramming the totalitarian U.S.A. Patriot Act through Congress; the mass-round-up and incarceration of foreigners; kangaroo courts; depriving at least two United States citizens of their constitutional rights by means of military incarceration; interference with the constitutional right of defendants in criminal cases to lawyers; violating and subverting the Posse Comitatus Act; unlawful and unreasonable searches and seizures; violating the First Amendments rights of the free exercise of religion, freedom of speech, peaceable assembly, and to petition the government for redress of grievances; packing the federal judiciary with hand-picked judges belonging to the totalitarian Federalist Society and undermining the judicial independence of the Constitution's Article III federal court system; violating the Third and Fourth Geneva Conventions and the U.S. War Crimes Act; violating the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination; reinstitution of the infamous "Cointelpro" Program; violating the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, the Convention against Torture, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; instituting the totalitarian Total Information Awareness Program; and establishing a totalitarian Northern Military Command for the United States of America itself. In all of this George Walker Bush has acted in a manner contrary to his trust as President and subversive of constitutional government, to the great prejudice of the cause of law and justice and to the manifest injury of the people of the United States.

Wherefore George Walker Bush, by such conduct, warrants impeachment and trial, and removal from office.


In the conduct of the office of President of the United States, George Walker Bush ... (SAME WORDING AS ABOVE) ... has violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution. U.S. soldiers in the Middle East are overwhelmingly poor White, Black, and Latino and their military service is based on the coercion of a system that has denied viable economic opportunities to these classes of citizens. Under the Constitution, all classes of citizens are guaranteed equal protection of the laws, and calling on the poor and minorities to fight a war for oil to preserve the lifestyles of the wealthy power elite of this country is a denial of the rights of these soldiers. ... (SAME WORDING AS IN ARTICLE 1)

Wherefore George Walker Bush, by such conduct, warrants impeachment and trial, and removal from office.


In the conduct of the office of President of the United States, George Walker Bush ... (SAME WORDING) ... has violated the U.S. Constitution, federal law, and the United Nations Charter by bribing, intimidating and threatening others, including the members of the United Nations Security Council, to support belligerent acts against Iraq. ... (SAME WORDING)

Wherefore George Walker Bush, by such conduct, warrants impeachment and trial, and removal from office.


In the conduct of the office of President of the United States, George Walker Bush ... (SAME WORDING) ... has prepared, planned, and conspired to engage in a massive war and catastrophic aggression against Iraq by employing methods of mass destruction that will result in the killing of hundreds of thousands of civilians, many of whom will be children. This planning includes the threatened use of nuclear weapons, and the use of such indiscriminate weapons and massive killings by aerial bombardment, or otherwise, of civilians, violates the Hague Regulations on land warfare, the rules of customary international law set forth in the Hague Rules of Air Warfare, the Four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Protocol I thereto, the Nuremberg Charter, Judgment, and Principles, the Genocide Convention, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and U.S. Army Field Manual 27-10 (1956). ... (SAME WORDING)

Wherefore George Walker Bush, by such conduct, warrants impeachment and trial, and removal from office.


In the conduct of the office of President of the United States, George Walker Bush, ... (SAME WORDING) ... has committed the United States to acts of war without congressional consent and contrary to the United Nations Charter and international law. From September, 2001 through January, 2003, the President embarked on a course of action that systematically eliminated every option for peaceful resolution of the Persian Gulf crisis. Once the President approached Congress for consent to war, tens of thousands of American soldiers' lives were in jeopardy - rendering any substantive debate by Congress meaningless. The President has not received a Declaration of War by Congress, and in contravention of the written word, the spirit, and the intent of the U.S. Constitution has declared that he will go to war regardless of the views of the American people. In failing to seek and obtain a Declaration of War, George Walker Bush has acted in a manner contrary to his trust as President and subversive of constitutional government, to the great prejudice of the cause of law and justice and to the manifest injury of the people of the United States.

Wherefore George Walker Bush, by such conduct, warrants impeachment and trial, and removal from office.


In the conduct of the office of President of the United States, George Walker Bush, ... (SAME WORDING) ... has planned, prepared, and conspired to commit crimes against the peace by leading the United States into aggressive war against Iraq in violation of Article 2(4) of the United Nations Charter, the Nuremberg Charter, Judgment, and Principles, the Kellogg-Brand Pact, U.S. Army Field Manual 27-10 (1956), numerous other international treaties and agreements, and the Constitution of the United States.... (SAME WORDING)

(In memory of Congressman Henry B. Gonzalez - R.I.P. - and H. Res. 86, 102nd Cong., 1st Sess., Jan. 16, 1991.)


Francis A. Boyle
Law Building
504 E. Pennsylvania Ave.
Champaign, IL 61820 USA
(personal comments only)

Photos of Professor Boyles speech and more on this


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